Freitag, 19. Oktober 2018

Reichweite von Zeitungen steigt weiter

42 Millionen Deutsche lesen die gedruckte Ausgabe einer Tageszeitung und 47,2 Millionen das Digitalangebot. Insgesamt erreichen die Zeitungsmarken mit ihren gedruckten Blättern und den Digitalauftritten 89 Prozent der deutschsprachigen Bevölkerung ab 14 Jahren. Das zeigt eine Sonderauswertung der ZMG Zeitungsmarktforschung Gesellschaft.
Für Katrin Tischer, Geschäftsführerin Märkte beim Bundesverband Deutscher Zeitungsverleger (BDZV) unterstreichen die Ergebnisse die starke Stellung der Zeitungen: „Die enorme Reichweite bestätigt, dass die Zeitungsmarken auf allen Kanälen als verlässliche Informationsquelle gefragt und etabliert sind. Gerade die steigende Zeitungsnutzung über Desktop, Mobile und Apps zeigt, wie gut die Zeitungen mit ihrer breiten Angebotspalette auch neue Nutzungsgewohnheiten bedienen“. Dies geht aus der Pressemitteilung des Verbands hervor.
Für die Berechnung der Netto-Reichweite zählt die ZMG jeden Leser nur einmal, egal wie oft oder über welchen Kanal er die Zeitung genutzt hat. Die Mehrzahl der Leser kombiniert demnach inzwischen die gedruckte mit der digitalen Lektüre. Auf ganz Deutschland gesehen haben die ausgewerteten Zeitungen 43 Prozent Nutzer, die sowohl eine gedruckte als auch eine Digitalausgabe lesen. 33 Prozent der Nutzer lesen ausschließlich digital, 24 Prozent nur gedruckt.
Mit der Nettoreichweite aus Print und Digital gewinnen die Zeitungen gegenüber der reinen Printreichweite 29,3 Prozentpunkte. Das sind 20,7 Millionen zusätzliche Nutzer pro Monat. Dieses Reichweiten-Plus gilt für alle Zielgruppen. Besonders signifikant ist es bei den Jugendlichen. Dort sind 88,7 Prozent der 14- bis 29-Jährigen Zeitungsleser – und zwar bevorzugt via Smartphone. Hier gewinnen die Zeitungen mit ihren Digitalauftritten monatlich 7,9 Millionen Nutzer. Das entspricht einer Zunahme um 153 Prozent gegenüber der Reichweite der gedruckten Exemplare.

epd 19.10.2018 

Blinde und Sehbehinderte sollen besseren Zugang zu Literatur bekommen

Blinde und sehbehinderte Menschen in Deutschland sollen einen besseren Zugang zu Literatur erhalten. Deshalb wird Betroffenen sowie Blindenbibliotheken jetzt das Recht eingeräumt, ohne Zustimmung des Urhebers barrierefreie Kopien literarischer Werke herzustellen - also Hörbücher oder Bücher in Blindenschrift. Eine entsprechende Änderung des Urhebergesetzes hat der Bundestag am späten Donnerstagabend verabschiedet. Das Parlament setzt damit den Vertrag von Marrakesch aus dem Jahr 2013 um. Dieser regelt die barrierefreie Verfügbarkeit von urheberrechtlich geschützten Werken auf internationaler Ebene. In Deutschland sind Schätzungen zufolge derzeit nur fünf Prozent der veröffentlichten Literatur für Blinde und Sehbehinderte zugänglich. 

via http://www.spiegel.de/kultur/literatur/bundestag-blinde-und-sehbehinderte-sollen-besseren-zugang-zu-literatur-erhalten-a-1234017.html

Hybride Faust-Edition von Goethe-Haus und Wallstein Verlag

Im Wallstein Verlag sind im Rahmen der historisch-kritischen "Faust"-Edition drei Bände erschienen: Faksimile und Transkription von "Faust II" sowie der konstituierte Text der gesamten Tragödie.
Die digitale Edition ist unter faustedition.net im Netz frei zugänglich. Sie bietet eine Wiedergabe und editorische Erschließung der vollständigen Überlieferung von Goethes ‚Faust‘ nach den Standards historisch-kritischer Ausgaben. Die Entstehungsgeschichte des ‚Faust‘ umspannt einen Zeitraum von 60 Jahren, in denen sich Phasen intensiver Arbeit am Werk mit langen Unterbrechungen abwechseln. Erhalten ist ein umfangreicher Bestand an Handschriften mit über 2.000 beschriebenen Seiten. Hinzu kommen sämtliche relevante zu Lebzeiten Goethes erschienene Drucke und über 1.500 Zeugnisse zur Entstehung des Werks. Weitere Informationen zu Struktur und Nutzungsmöglichkeiten der digitalen Edition finden sich unter faustedition.net.
Das digitale Publikationsprojekt des Freien Deutschen Hochstifts wurde in Kooperation mit dem Goethe- und Schiller-Archiv (Klassik Stiftung Weimar) und dem Lehrstuhl für Computerphilologie und Neuere deutsche Literaturgeschichte der Universität Würzburg realisiert. Geleitet wurde es von von Prof. Dr. Anne Bohnenkamp-Renken (Freies Deutsches Hochstift), Dr. Silke Henke (Goethe- und Schiller-Archiv) und Prof. Dr. Fotis Jannidis (Universität Würzburg). Die Arbeit wurde von 2009 bis 2015 von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft gefördert. Die Drucklegung der Print-Anteile im Wallstein-Verlag wurde möglich durch die Unterstützung der Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung.

via https://www.boersenblatt.net/artikel-hybride_faust-edition_von_goethe-haus_und_wallstein_verlag.1536068.html

EuGH-Urteil zum illegalen Filesharing

Bastei-Lübbe hatte vor dem Landgericht München gegen einen Mann auf Schadensersatz geklagt, über dessen Internetanschluss ein Hörbuch, über dessen Urheberrechte und verwandten Schutzrechte die Kölner verfügen, anderen Internetnutzern über eine Tauschbörse ("peer-to-peer") zum Herunterladen angeboten worden sei. Der Inhaber des Internetanschlusses bestreitet, die Urheberrechtsverletzung selbst begangen zu haben. Er machte geltend, dass auch seine im selben Haus wohnenden Eltern Zugriff auf den Anschluss gehabt hätten. Nach deutscher Rechtssprechung musste er wegen des Schutzes von Ehe und Familie keine weitere Auskunft geben − so konnte nicht eindeutig geklärt werden, wer die Urheberrechte verletzt hatte. Solch eine Verteidigung würde ausreichen, um seine Haftung im deutschen Recht auszuschließen, hatte das Landgericht München erklärt. Das Landgericht München hatte daraufhin den Fall an den Europäischen Gerichtshof verwiesen und um Auslegung der EU-Vorschriften gegeben.
Laut EuGH-Urteil stehe das Europäische Unionsrecht einer nationalen Rechtsvorschrift entgegen. Nach Auffassung des EuGH müsse "ein angemessenes Gleichgewicht zwischen verschiedenen Grundrechten, nämlich zum einen dem Recht auf einen wirksamen Rechtsbehelf und dem Recht des geistigen Eigentums und zum anderen dem Recht auf Achtung des Privat- und Familienlebens, gefunden werden." An einem solchen Gleichgewicht fehle es, wenn den Familienmitgliedern des Inhabers eines Internetanschlusses, über den Urheberrechtsverletzungen durch Filesharing begangen wurden, "ein quasi absoluter Schutz gewährt wird", so der Europäische Gerichtshof. ... [mehr] https://www.boersenblatt.net/artikel-eugh-urteil_zum_illegalen_filesharing.1536614.html

Virginia Woolf’s Little-Known Biography of a Cocker Spaniel / Erin Schwartz In: The Paris Review October 18, 2018

In her 1911 opus Toy Dogs and Their Ancestors, Judith Blunt-Lytton, sixteenth baroness of Wentworth, great-granddaughter of Lord Byron, wrote, “It has cost me years of research both in the British Museum and in the picture galleries of Europe to disentangle the truth from the cocoon of falsehood into which it was spun.” What Blunt-Lytton sought to recuperate from the cobwebs of history was the lapdog’s true form. Blunt-Lytton contended that many breeds had recently strayed from their roots, in large part due to the Victorian proliferation of “dog fancying”: a British term that evokes, at once, a group of people who like dogs and a group people who fluff up dogs’ fur and tie ribbons around their necks. Of the spaniel, Blunt-Lytton asserts that the contemporary model “was introduced comparatively recently, certainly no earlier than the year 1840,” and compiles visual evidence of its transformation. The spaniel in Titian’s Venus of Urbino is technically correct, as are eighteenth-century pooches painted by George Stubbs; for comparison, her book contains a mug shot of a puppy described as “noseless atrocity, bred by author,” while another dog’s portrait is captioned: “noseless toy spaniel, with wrongly carried ears and bad expression.”

Twenty-two years later, Virginia Woolf published Flush, a biography of Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s cocker spaniel, and immediately regretted it. She began work on the book after the draining effort of The Waves. As she read the love letters of Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, she was amused by Barrett Browning’s mischievous, cosseted little dog and set out to write its biography. It was easy work at first, miserable by the end (she called the book “that abominable dog Flush”). On the eve of the book’s publication, Woolf felt resignation rather than pride. She wrote in her diary: “I open this to make one of my self-admonishments previous to publishing a book. Flush will be out on Thursday and I shall be very much depressed, I think, by the kind of praise. They’ll say it’s ‘charming,’ delicate, ladylike … I must not let myself believe that I’m simply a ladylike prattler.” In her letters, she dismissed the whole thing as an embarrassing joke. But after her friend Sibyl Colefax praised the book, Woolf confided: “I’m so glad that you liked Flush. I think it shows great discrimination in you because it was all a matter of hints and shades, and practically no one has seen what I was after.”



In Woolf’s Flush,the young dog travels from the hamlet of Three Mile Cross to Wimpole Street in London, trading grass and flowering shrubs for the gloom of Elizabeth Barrett’s back bedroom in her father’s home. It is the room of an unmarried, bookish invalid, redolent of cologne, cluttered with gleaming marble busts, the window shaded by a blind painted with the image of “several peasants taking a walk.” As Elizabeth and Robert Browning elope, Flush travels to Pisa and Florence. He is kidnapped once, ransomed, and has his liver-colored coat trimmed off after a bout of mange. He is skeptical of spiritualism. He dies, peacefully, in Casa Guidi, the Brownings’ home in Italy. ... [mehr] https://www.theparisreview.org/blog/2018/10/18/virginia-woolfs-little-known-biography-of-a-cocker-spaniel/

FAZ: LESEFORSCHER ZUR DIGITALISIERUNG : Der Kontakt zu unserer Kultur steht auf dem Spiel

Immer größere Teile unserer Lektüre finden auf Bildschirmen statt. Manche Gewohnheiten des digitalen Lesens beeinträchtigen auch das Lesen auf Papier. Wir müssen Schutzmaßnahmen entwickeln und zugleich die Vorzüge des digitalen Lesens ausschöpfen. …
Siehe http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/debatten/interview-acht-leseforscher-zur-digitalisierung-15833105.html

via https://www.univie.ac.at/voeb/blog/?p=47367

Donnerstag, 18. Oktober 2018

100 Millionen Euro für die Digitalisierung des deutschen Filmerbes

Das deutsche Filmerbe soll in den nächsten zehn Jahren mit insgesamt 100 Millionen Euro digitalisiert werden. Die Filmförderungsanstalt, Kulturstaatsministerin Monika Grütters (CDU) und die Bundesländer haben sich darauf verständigt, die Mittel jeweils zu einem Drittel aufzubringen, wie sie am 17.10.2018 mitteilten. Ab 2019 sollen jedes Jahr zehn Millionen Euro zur Verfügung stehen.
Grütters erklärte, damit könne das überaus fragile, vergängliche Kulturgut Film auch für die kommenden Generationen erhalten werden. Es gehe um die ganze Bandbreite vom Stummfilmklassiker bis zum Neuen Deutschen Film. Schon bisher hatten alle drei Partner die Digitalisierung vom Verfall bedrohter Filme unterstützt. Mit der Vereinbarung gibt es aber jetzt aber Planungssicherheit. Der Finanzbedarf von bis zu 100 Millionen Euro war durch ein Gutachten ermittelt worden.  

dpa 17.10.2018

GOOGLE ARTS & CULTURE: LATINO CULTURES IN THE US

https://artsandculture.google.com/project/uslatinocultures

This resource was originally featured in the 10-07-2017 Scout Report, and it continues to provide a rich gateway to numerous online exhibits and features celebrating America's Latino cultural heritage.
On September 8th, 2017, in honor of Hispanic Heritage month, Google Arts and Culture launched Latino Cultures in the US - an extensive collection that features dozens of curated online exhibits and thousands of digitized items. This extensive site is the result of collaboration with many museums and cultural institutions, including The Smithsonian, the National Museum of Mexican Art, the National Hispanic Cultural Center Foundation, and many more. Visitors can browse these exhibits by topic, including Influential figures (featuring Dolores Huerta, Roberto Clemente, and Sonia Sotomayor, among others), Discover U.S. Latino art, The LGBTQ experience, Defining moments in Latino history, and much more. A few of the many highlights of this collection include The Masters of Murals, Up Close, which allows visitors to closely explore murals created by artists including Diego Rivera and Mario E. Castillo; a collection of nine Latino neighborhoods that one can explore via Google street view; and the powerful Voices Oral History Project, which allows visitors to explore photographs and interviews of Latinos who served in WWII.

via https://scout.wisc.edu/archives/r48839/google_arts__culture_latino_cultures_in_the_us

Koloniales Erbe: Arbeitsgruppe zum Umgang mit Sammlungsgut verabredet

Länder und Bund verständigten sich im 9. Kulturpolitischen Spitzengespräch darauf, dass die Länder gemeinsam mit der Beauftragten der Bundesregierung für Kultur und Medien und den kommunalen Spitzenverbänden eine Arbeitsgruppe zum Umgang mit Sammlungsgut aus kolonialen Kontexten einrichtet.
Dort wollen sie mit dem Auswärtigen Amt, dem Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung sowie dem Deutschen Museumsbund zusammenarbeiten. Ziel ist es, eine gemeinsame politische Position zum Umgang mit Kulturgut aus kolonialen Kontexten zu erarbeiten. In diesem Zusammenhang begrüßen die Länder und der Bund, dass im Frühjahr der Deutsche Museumsbund den Leitfaden zum Umgang mit Sammlungsgut aus kolonialen Kontexten vorgelegt hat. 

12.10.2018

Recht Bibliothek Dokumentation. Mitteilungen der Arbeitsgemeinschaft für juristisches Bibliotheks- und Dokumentationswesen 48 (2018) Nr.1/3

AUFSÄTZE
  • Anne Lauber-Rönsberg, Philipp Krahn, Paul Baumann: Gutachten zu den rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen des Forschungsdatenmanagements im Rahmen des Datajus-Projekts … 5
  • Oliver Hinte: Das Gesetz zur Angleichung des Urheberrechts an die aktuellen Erfordernisse der Wissensgesellschaft (Urheberrechts-Wissensgesellschafts-Gesetz – UrhWissG) und seine Auswirkungen für Bibliotheken … 32
  • Angela Stöger-Frank: Freier Zugang zu Rechtsinformationen in Österreich. Das Legal Information Institute Austria (LII-Austria) stellt sich vor … 39
MITTEILUNGEN / BERICHTE
  • Tätigkeitsbericht des Vorstandes für das Geschäftsjahr 2017/18 (Peter Weber) … 48
  • Bericht über die Mitgliederversammlung der AjBD 2018 in Berlin (Martina Kuth) … 56
  • Law Library of Congress digitally releases U.S. Reports from 1791 to 2004 (Andrew Hamm) .… 60
  • Juristische Zeitschriften des 19. Jahrhunderts jetzt mit Volltexten auf DLC (Sigrid Amedick, Andreas Wagner) … 61
  • Judikatur des Verfassungsgerichtshofes (VfGH) im österreichischen Rechtsinformationssystem (RIS) für die Zeit 1919 bis 1979 ergänzt (Josef Pauser) … 63
  • IRIS 2018. 21. Internationales Rechtsinformatiksymposion, Salzburg, 22. bis 24. Februar 2018 (Stephan Radner) … 73
  • IFLA-Stellungnahme zur Kompetenzbildung im Urheberrecht … 76
  • EuGH anonymisiert ab 1. Juli 2018 Vorabentscheidungssachen, an denen natürliche Personen beteiligt sind … 82
 Ausgabe der RBD liegt nicht online vor.
 

A Century of Reading: The 10 Books That Defined the 1930s / Emily Temple In: Lit Hub Daily October 18, 2018

Some books are flashes in the pan, read for entertainment and then left on a bus seat for the next lucky person to pick up and enjoy, forgotten by most after their season has passed. Others stick around, are read and re-read, are taught and discussed. sometimes due to great artistry, sometimes due to luck, and sometimes because they manage to recognize and capture some element of the culture of the time.
In the moment, you often can’t tell which books are which. The Great Gatsby wasn’t a bestseller upon its release, but we now see it as emblematic of a certain American sensibility in the 1920s. Of course, hindsight can also distort the senses; the canon looms and obscures. Still, over the next weeks, we’ll be publishing a list a day, each one attempting to define a discrete decade, starting with the 1900s (as you’ve no doubt guessed by now) and counting down until we get to the (nearly complete) 2010s.
Though the books on these lists need not be American in origin, I am looking for books that evoke some aspect of American life, actual or intellectual, in each decade—a global lens would require a much longer list. And of course, varied and complex as it is, there’s no list that could truly define American life over ten or any number of years, so I do not make any claim on exhaustiveness. I’ve simply selected books that, if read together, would give a fair picture of the landscape of literary culture for that decade—both as it was and as it is remembered. Finally, two process notes: I’ve limited myself to one book for author over the entire 12-part list, so you may see certain works skipped over in favor of others, even if both are important (for instance, I ignored Dubliners in the 1910s so I could include Ulysses in the 1920s), and in the case of translated work, I’ll be using the date of the English translation, for obvious reasons.
For our fourth installment, below you’ll find 10 books that defined the 1930s.


Dashiell Hammett, The Maltese Falcon (1930)

According to my esteemed colleagues at CrimeReads, Dashiell Hammett more or less invented the American hardboiled crime novel, and also inspired the entire film noir genre (although, Molly Odintz would like me to specify here, film noir also owes a lot to German expressionism). This novel is not only important for all of those that would come after it (see below, for instance), but also —not to mention the very popular and highly mythologized film adaptation(s). “Spade has no original,” Hammett wrote in the introduction to a 1934 edition of the novel.
He is a dream man in the sense that he is what most of the private detectives I worked with would like to have been and in their cockier moments thought they approached. For your private detective does not—or did not ten years ago when he was my colleague—want to be an erudite solver of riddles in the Sherlock Holmes manner; he wants to be a hard and shifty fellow, able to take care of himself in any situation, able to get the best of anybody he comes in contact with, whether criminal, innocent by-stander or client.
The Maltese Falcon was an instant bestseller when it was published in hardcover, and saw seven printings in 1930. Unlike some of the other novels on this decade’s list, in this case the critics loved it as well as the readers. In the New Republic, Donald Douglas wrote that the novel showed “the absolute distinction of real art” and in The Judge, Ted Shane wrote that “the writing is better than Hemingway; since it conceals not softness but hardness.” In the New York Evening Graphic, Gilbert Seldes wrote that The Maltese Falcon was “the real thing and everything else has been phony.” No surprise then that we’re still reading it today.

Pearl S. Buck, The Good Earth (1931)

You couldn’t say that the contents of this novel reflect American life in the 1930s, exactly—beginning as it does in a pre-revolutionary Chinese village—but it was certainly a sensation of its time, so it must have struck a certain chord. It was the bestselling novel of 1931 and 1932, and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1932, and certainly contributed to Buck’s Nobel Prize in 1938, which made her the first American woman to win the Nobel for literature. Some have even suggested that the book—and the subsequent film—stirred up enough pro-Chinese sentiment in Americans to contribute to the 1943 repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act. (“It humanized Chinese people,” Maxine Hong Kingston said. “It is written with so much empathy that for the first time, Americans had to see Chinese as equals.”) And Buck wasn’t only an American phenomenon: during her lifetime she was the most translated American author of the 20th century.
But the novel—and Buck’s work in general—is not without controversy. Highbrow critics found her prose lacking. “Pearl’s Asian subjects, her prose style, her gender, and her tremendous popularity offended virtually every one of the constituencies that divided up the literary 1930s,” wrote her biographer Peter Conn. “Marxists, Agrarians, Chicago journalists, New York intellectuals, literary nationalists, and New Humanists had little enough in common, but they could all agree that Pearl Buck had no place in any of their creeds and canons.” Buck, though born in West Virginia, had grown up in China, but Chinese intellectuals and even officials were offended by her depiction of China, to the point of denying her entry to the country.
Since the 1930s, Puck has become decidedly unfashionable. “In the years after World War II, Buck’s literary reputation shrunk to the vanishing point,” Conn writes in the preface to his Pearl S. Buck: A Cultural Biography.
She stood on the wrong side of virtually every line drawn by those who constructed the lists of required reading in the 1950s and 1960s. To begin with, her principal subjects were women and China, both of which were regarded as peripheral and even frivolous in the early postwar years. Furthermore, she preferred episodic plots to complex structures and had little interest in psychological analysis. In addition to all that, she was not a felicitous stylist, and she even displayed a taste for formulaic phrases. Needless to say, none of this endeared her to that vast cultural heartland stretching from the East River to the Hudson. ... [mehr] https://lithub.com/a-century-of-reading-the-10-books-that-defined-the-1930s/

Irma S. Rombauer, The Joy of Cooking (1931)
Aldous Huxley, Brave New World (1932)
Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis (1937 (first single-volume English translation))
Margaret Mitchell, Gone with the Wind (1936)
Djuna Barnes, Nightwood (1936)
Dale Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936)
Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937)
John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath (1939)       

Denkmalinformationssystem Sachsen-Anhalt

Das Land Sachsen-Anhalt verfügt über eine hohe Anzahl an Bau- und Bodendenkmalen. Bekannt sind insbesondere die UNESCO-Weltkulturerbestätten, die in Sachsen-Anhalt in außergewöhnlicher Dichte vorliegen: das Bauhaus in Dessau, dessen Gründung sich 2019 zum 100. Mal jährt und Anlass zu Feierlichkeiten bietet; das Gartenreich Dessau-Wörlitz; das Ensemble aus Altstadt, Stiftskirche und Schloss von Quedlinburg; die Luthergedenkstätten in den Lutherstädten Eisleben und Wittenberg sowie, als erst vor wenigen Monaten ins Weltkulturerbe aufgenommenes Monument, der Naumburger Dom. Darüber hinaus beläuft sich die Zahl der Baudenkmale im Land auf etwa 29.000 Einzelobjekte. Hinzu kommen 1.800 Denkmalbereiche. Daneben sind circa 50.000 archäologische Kulturdenkmale bekannt. Bei 4.400 von ihnen handelt es sich um obertägig sichtbare Strukturen von Bodendenkmalen. Darüber hinaus sind 70 Flächendenkmale verzeichnet, bei denen es sich z. B. um historische Stadtkerne handelt.
Die Erfassung, Erforschung und Dokumentation dieses Denkmalbestandes ist eine der Kernaufgaben des Landesamtes für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie (LDA) Sachsen-Anhalt. Bislang konnten die Denkmale und Denkmalbereiche nur in gedruckten Denkmalverzeichnissen und internen Erfassungssystemen dokumentiert werden, die insbesondere auf einer in den 1990er Jahren durchgeführten Schnellerfassung basieren. Erst der Zugang zu modernen Geobasisdaten ermöglichte es dem LDA in den vergangenen Jahren, Bau- und Flächendenkmale sowie archäologische Denkmale georeferenziert zu erfassen, lagegenau zu kartieren und mit Informationen zu den Denkmalen zu verknüpfen. In einer aufwendigen Inventarisierung konnten seit 2010 circa 4.400 archäologische Kulturdenkmale, die im Gelände noch erkennbar sind, fachgerecht geprüft und bewertet werden. Im Bereich der Bau- und Kunstdenkmalpflege gelang es, vor allem durch die vorübergehende Bindung zusätzlicher personeller Kapazitäten, ermöglicht durch die Unterstützung des Kultusministeriums bzw. des Ministeriums für Kultur, einen Großteil der Denkmale kartografisch präzise zu verzeichnen.

Der neue Informationsdienst für Bürgerinnen und Bürger ist unter http://www.lda.sachsen-anhalt.de/denkmalinformationssystem erreichbar. Auf dieser Karte sind derzeit circa 36.000 Baudenkmale, Kleindenkmale, Denkmalbereiche, obertägig sichtbare archäologische Denkmale sowie archäologische Flächendenkmale mit grundlegenden Informationen erfasst. 

via https://idw-online.de/de/news704150

Neue Kulturministerkonferenz der Länder

Die Kulturminister führen künftig eigenständige Beratungen unter dem Dach der Kultusministerkonferenz durch. Dies hat die Kultusministerkonferenz der Länder am 11.10.2018 beschlossen, berichtet der Verband Privater Medien (Vaunet).
Die neue Kulturministerkonferenz soll ab dem 1. Januar 2019 ihre Arbeit aufnehmen und die Angelegenheiten der Kulturpolitik von überregionaler Bedeutung behandeln. Ziel der Konferenzberatungen sei eine gemeinsame Meinungs- und Willensbildung und die Vertretung gemeinsamer Anliegen gegenüber der Bundesregierung. Den ersten Vorsitz übernimmt für die Amtszeit von einem Jahr Hamburgs Senator für Kultur und Medien, Carsten Brosda

Dokumente:

Institutionen:

 via http://www.urheberrecht.org/news/6119/
 

LoC Blog: Theodore Roosevelt Papers

On Feb. 14, 1884, Theodore Roosevelt marked an X in his pocket diary, followed by the words, “The light has gone out of my life.” That morning his mother, Martha Roosevelt, died of typhoid fever. That same afternoon, in the same house, his wife, Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, died of kidney disease, just two days after giving birth to their daughter. On another page, Roosevelt recalled his relationship with Alice, concluding, “For joy or for sorrow my life has now been lived out.” He was 25 years old.
Roosevelt’s life had really only begun, however, and his papers at the Library of Congress record his extraordinary public career through voluminous correspondence sent and received, speeches and executive orders, press releases and public statements, diaries and scrapbooks. The Theodore Roosevelt Papers document the multifaceted and remarkable life led by America’s 26th president.


Roosevelt’s diary entry for Feb. 14,  1884.

T.R. entrusted his infant daughter to his sister Anna, and set off for the Dakota Territory. “Black care rarely sits behind a rider whose pace is fast enough,” Roosevelt later wrote. He exercised his grief by leading the strenuous life of a cattle rancher, and learned the politically useful skill of working toward a common goal with people from different backgrounds. “I got along excellently with everyone,” he wrote his son Ted in 1908. “I worked hard with them on the roundup.” Roosevelt’s western period also gave him a cowboy image, which political cartoonists used in years to come.
Roosevelt found happiness with his second wife, Edith, his children and public service. He served on the United States Civil Service Commission (1889–95), and then applied his abundant energy to the New York City Board of Police Commissioners (1895–97). There he honed skills that he employed for the rest of his career. He sought reform in the operation of the police force and went on “midnight rambles” to determine how many beat cops slept at their posts or engaged in corrupt activities. He cultivated the press to publicize his actions and learned from reporters like Jacob Riis about problems in the community. As the scrapbooks in the Roosevelt papers attest, T.R. made news as a police commissioner, and his prominent teeth and eyeglasses became symbols that forever more identified Roosevelt cartoons.


An 1895 cartoon depicts Roosevelt solely by way of his pince-nez glasses and his prominent teeth.


A 1900 cartoon also portrays Roosevelt by his glasses and his teeth.

Roosevelt followed his police work by serving as assistant secretary of the Navy, where he advocated Alfred T. Mahan’s principles of naval supremacy. When the Spanish-American War broke out in 1898, Roosevelt refused to miss his “crowded hour” of glory and organized the First Regiment, U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, better known as the “Rough Riders.” He parlayed his fame as the hero of San Juan Hill into election as governor of New York, telling his friend Cecil Spring Rice in November 1898, “I have played it in bull luck this summer. First, to get into the war; then to get out of it; then to get elected.”


Roosevelt flees the vice presidency in the cartoon “The Office Seeks the Man,” published in 1900.

Roosevelt, a Republican, continued his reformist and independent ways as governor, to the chagrin of his party’s establishment in New York. Political bosses hoped electing him vice president in 1900 would shelve him in a powerless position. Although he did not want the job, T.R. campaigned hard for President McKinley and reconciled himself to the end of his political ascent. In September 1901, however, an assassin’s bullet ended McKinley’s life, making Roosevelt president of the United States.
Roosevelt’s presidency is the best-known period of his political life, and it is documented extensively in his papers. Incoming correspondence captures the issues brought to Roosevelt’s attention, while letterpress copybooks record his voluminous output on subjects from coal strikes to conservation, from statues to socialism. Scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings on various aspects of the Roosevelt administration, and desk diaries reveal who met with the president on a daily basis.


An April 11, 1908, letter from Roosevelt to his son Archie in which Roosevelt describes punishing Archie’s brother Quentin for putting spitballs on portraits at the White House.

Throughout his political career, Roosevelt enjoyed another life as an author. He published historical works; wrote about his experiences as a rancher, hunter and explorer; and regularly contributed articles to periodicals such as “The Outlook.” T.R. even briefly tried to change the English language itself by promoting economical spelling, such as substituting “thoroly” for “thoroughly.” The experiment failed, but Roosevelt accepted good-natured ribbing from associates and continued using alternative spelling in his personal correspondence.
After leaving the presidency, T.R. went on safari in Africa, sending specimens to the Smithsonian Institution. He then toured Europe in 1910. After breaking with the Republican Party in 1912, he formed the Progressive or “Bull Moose” Party and ran unsuccessfully for president. He went to South America in 1913 on an expedition to explore an Amazon River tributary later named in his honor.
The outbreak of World War I brought Roosevelt back into the public arena as an ardent voice for American war preparedness. T.R. even offered to raise troops, but the Wilson administration rebuffed his offer. “I am a man of action,” Roosevelt wrote in June 1917, “and the President has refused to let me take part in this great contest as a man of action.” Theodore Roosevelt, the man of war who also received a Nobel Peace Prize, died in his sleep on January 6, 1919.

via https://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2018/10/new-online-theodore-roosevelt-papers/

Lob des Lesens / Paul Ingendaay In: FAZ 17.10.2018

Es könnte sein, dass weniger gelesen wird, und vielleicht sogar, dass die Autoren flachere Bücher schreiben. Aber es wird immer eine Gemeinschaft von Lesenden geben. Sie hat das bessere Leben.... [mehr] http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/buecher/themen/lob-des-lesens-ungefesselte-phantasie-15840004.html

Mittwoch, 17. Oktober 2018

MOOC zum Thema „Open Science“ der TU Delft

Am 30.10.2018 startet an der TU Delft ein Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) zum Thema Open Science. Er beinhaltet eine Einführung zum Thema Open Science und FAIR data principles und behandelt die Themen Forschungsdatenmanagement, Open Access zu Daten und Publikationen und Möglichkeiten, die Sichtbarkeit von Forschung zu erhöhen. Der Kurs dauert 4 Wochen und bedeutet etwa 4 Stunden Arbeitsaufwand pro Woche. Er ist offen für alle Interessierten und kostenfrei.

Open Science: Sharing your research with the world (MOOC)

Every Man Booker Prize Winner of the 21st Century / Book Marks October 16, 2018


Congratulations to Anna Burns, who earlier this evening at London’s Guildhall became the 50th winner of the Man Booker Prize—Britain’s most prestigious and high profile literary award—when she took home the gold for her novel Milkman: a tale of tribalism and hope set during the Troubles in Northern Ireland, which focuses on a young woman who is forced into a relationship with an older man.
From its inception in 1969 until 2013, only novels written by Commonwealth, Irish, and South African (and later Zimbabwean) citizens were eligible to receive the £50,000 prize; in 2014, however, this eligibility was widened to any English-language novel—a change which proved controversial, but which also opened a door for the two most recent winners (Paul Beatty’s The Sellout in 2016, and George Saunders’ Lincoln in the Bardo in 2017) to walk through.
Now you can’t actually buy Milkman over here yet—something which I’m sure will be rectified by a hungry publisher very soon—but while you’re waiting, and still in Booker mode, why not take a journey into the recent past with us, and see what the critics wrote about every previous Man Booker Prize-winning novel of the 21st century?


2017
George Saunders, Lincoln in the Bardo

“…a luminous feat of generosity and humanism … The souls crowd around this uncanny child. As the cast grows, so does our perspective; the novel’s concerns expand, and we see this human business as an angel does, looking down. In the midst of the Civil War, saying farewell to one son foreshadows all those impending farewells to sons, the hundreds of thousands of those who will fall in the battlefields. The stakes grow, from our heavenly vantage, for we are talking about not just the ghostly residents of a few acres, but the citizens of a nation—in the graveyard’s slaves and slavers, drunkards and priests, soldiers of doomed regiments, suicides and virgins, are assembled a country. The wretched and the brave, and such is Saunders’s magnificent portraiture that readers will recognize in this wretchedness and bravery aspects of their own characters as well. He has gathered ‘sweet fools’ here, and we are counted among their number … The narrator is a curator, arranging disparate sources to assemble a linear story. It may take a few pages to get your footing, depending. The more limber won’t be bothered. We’ve had plenty of otherworldly choruses before, from Grover’s Corners to Spoon River, and with so many walking dead in the pop culture nowadays, why not a corresponding increase in the talking dead? Are the nonfiction excerpts—from presidential historians, Lincoln biographers, Civil War chroniclers—real or fake? Who cares? Keep going, read the novel, Google later … the war here is a crucible for a heroic American identity: fearful but unflagging; hopeful even in tragedy; staggering, however tentatively, toward a better world … events sometimes conspire to make a work of art, like a novel set in the past, supremely timely. In describing Lincoln’s call to action, Saunders provides an appeal for his limbo denizens—for citizens everywhere—to step up and join the cause.”
–Colson Whitehead (The New York Times Book Review)
2016

The Sellout
Paul Beatty, The Sellout 

The Sellout makes room for both satirical spectacle and earnest literary whispers. Beatty’s reliance on so many textured backstories and secondary characterizations feels both revelatory and absolutely intentional. … The Sellout while riding beneath terrifying waves of American racial terror and heteropatriarchy, is among the most important and difficult American novels written in the 21st century … The Sellout, in all its spiky satirical absurdity, exists not just in a world created by hip-hop and cradled by the Internet. The Sellout firmly situates itself between white supremacy and black love, between thick anti-blackness and communal black innovation. It is a bruising novel that readers will likely never forget.”
–Kiese Laymon (The Los Angeles Times)

2015
a brief history of seven killings

If A Brief History of Seven Killings can be said to have a main idea, it’s that nobody escapes, at least not entirely, from violence. Because violence isn’t an event, but a kind of potential—a force, like gravity, that lurks in every curve of space … It has less in common with most recent literary fiction than it does with Breaking Bad and The WireSeven Killings is surprising, suspenseful, and, when it stirs from its sinister languor, fast, with action sequences as finger-curling and eyelid-lifting as anything onscreen. But as much as it resembles the best of today’s television, the novel conveys violence with an interior nuance perhaps only achievable in prose. Its intensity comes less from the story’s underworld glamour than it does from James’s style and syntax—a language that gives texture to danger and its psychic terrain … Some will be frustrated by its lack of ‘larger comment,’ the usual hall pass for dangerous art. Others will find it too painful. People who think good writing should always be graceful won’t like it at all.”
–Julian Lucas (The New York Review of Books)
2014

Richard Flanagan, The Narrow Road to the Deep

“The story casts its roving eye on 77-year-old Dr. Dorrigo Evans, a celebrated war hero whose life has been an unsatisfying string of sterile affairs and public honors. He loved a woman once, but tragedy intervened, and since then each new award and commendation only makes Dorrigo feel undeserving and fraudulent … For many pages, the novel shimmers over the decades of Dorrigo’s life, only flashing on the horrors of war and the ghosts who haunt him. But soon enough, that unspeakable period comes into focus in a series of blistering episodes you will never get out of your mind … The novel doesn’t exonerate these war criminals, but it forces us to admit that history conspired to place them in a situation where cruelty would thrive, where the natural responses of human kindness and sympathy were short-circuited.”


Digital Learning Map: digitale Datenbank für Hochschullehre

Das Portal e-teaching.org des Leibniz-Institut für Wissensmedien stellt die „Digital Learning Map“ zur Verfügung, eine digitale Datenbank für die Hochschullehre, die regionale, digitale Lehr- und Lernkonzepte sammelt und zugänglich macht (vgl. https://idw-online.de/de/news703664).